What is heat transfer fluid?

Definition: The heat transfer fluid is that substance in a liquid or gaseous state that, within a system, stores the thermal energy produced by a generator and transports it to the connected consumers.

The heat transfer fluid plays an essential role in achieving high efficiencies in thermal systems, but more importantly in maintaining them over time.

The advantages of water as a heat transfer fluid

The advantages of the most widely used heat transfer fluid are availability, cost of water, and high heat transport capacity.

Compared with other materials, such as methyl alcohol (2512), toluol (1687) and petroleum (2085), water has a specific heat value of 4186 (amount of heat absorbed-given during a 1°C temperature change). Therefore, water has the ability to transport high amounts of heat.

Disadvantages of water: scaling and corrosion

Pourbaix diagram and pH scale: to determine the risks

The pH scale is used to determine the alkalinity (>7), acidity (<7) and neutral value of a solution (7). Together with the pH scale data and the potential value, the potential/pH ratio for the Pourbaix Diagram is obtained by which it can be determined under what working conditions the metallic material is at risk, immune, or partially protected from corrosion.

Solution to the problems that water causes

The solution to the problems caused by water is inhibitors. There are various types (cathodic, anodic, direct, organic or filming) but the most effective, because it eliminates and reduces the oxygen content within the water, is the direct inhibitor.

What is limestone scale

Limestone scale is deposits that form on heat exchange surfaces.

What it results in: reduced heat exchange and increased fuel consumption.
Solution: softeners or demineralizers or chemical stabilizers but does not guarantee 100 percent scale removal.

What are corrosions and what happens?

These are chemical and physical phenomena that result in the degradation of metallic materials by the environment to which they are exposed. They occur in certain components of the environment such as water and oxygen. In natural environments there are always conditions for iron to corrode.

In closed environments, the oxygen in the water is depleted and the corrosive action stops. Air conditioning systems are not a closed system.

What happens with hot water? The hotter the water, the higher the concentration of oxygen (becoming more corrosive).

Types of corrosion

There are various types of corrosion: from generalized which is the most celebrated, orange-brown color, to intergranular corrosion which is less visible and penetrates deep into the metal material without leaving a trace on the surface.

How to determine how water is encrusting and corrosive?

With Langelier and Ryznar indices, it is determined how encrusting and corrosive the water used is. Through the parameters of temperature, hardness (how encrusting the water is), alkalinity, pH, and electrical conductivity, Langelier and Ryznar index data are obtained.

The parameters of the Langelier and Ryznar indices

Langelier index (or saturation) parameters are: > 0 the water is encrusting, < 0 it is corrosive, on 0 it is in equilibrium (neutral)

Ryznar index parameters (or stability) are: > 6.5 the water is corrosive, < 6 it is encrusting, between 6 and 6.5 it is in equilibrium (neutral)

If you want to calculate your Langelier Index and Ryznar values click here

Softened and demineralized water what risks do they have?

With the Langelier and Ryznar index, it is understood that softened water is always corrosive, demineralized water is always corrosive, and untreated “raw” water is scaling at hot temperatures and corroding at low temperatures.

What is the effective solution to make the best use of water as a heat transfer fluid?

The solution is to use corrosion inhibitor that can also act as a scale inhibitor: Protect 1. Through this scientifically effective product, you will have no more hassles! This is not a method that uses word of mouth or promises miracles in words-it is science at work!

Protect 1

protective product with anti-corrosive properties

Magnetic defanger filters

Magnetic drainage filter with semiautomatic cleaning in counter-current

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The best protection of the entire system for flow rates from 15 to 120 m³/h

Ryznar Stability Index Calculator

Langelier Saturation Index Calculator